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Step 1: Supplies

You will need a few floral supplies and it is a good idea to keep them together in a tote, or tray so they are readily available when it’s time to make an arrangement. It is also helpful to designate an area where you can make a mess and allow for some things to fall on the floor.

Step 2: Picking Flowers

Sometimes the hardest part of making a bouquet is picking out the flowers. An easy way of doing this is to pick flowers from your bucket and hold them in your hand to see what looks pleasing to you. When you have all the flowers gathered in your hand, cut the stem ends the same height as the vase and drop them in; (be sure you have enough flowers in the bouquet to fill the vase all the way around also.)

Note: *To design a floral arrangement in a container with floral foam it will take a little more time so after you have gathered your flowers place them into a vase to work from.

Step 3: Using Foam

Soak floral foam and cut it to fit snuggly into the container, you can double the foam in a large container for long stem flowers, also you can cover the foam with chicken wire to accommodate large and heavy stems, the wire will help to keep the stems from falling over and it also helps to hold them out towards the sides.

Step 4: Arranging

When building your design it’s good to remember to let every flower have its own place in the arrangement, don’t let flowers cover the heads of other flowers. Your arrangement should have height, (Tip: it should usually be about 2-3 times the height of the container) balance, and form. It should be pleasing to the eye because there are no set rules in floral arranging.

Step 5: Manipulating Daisies

You can manipulate a daisy by placing a hook wire down the center of the head and into the stem. Gently bend the wire to give the daisy form. Remember when you are designing to place your flowers in the direction a flower would normally be growing, not straight up.

Step 6: Roses

Roses that come from a grower, or a grocery store will normally have guard petals on them, this is the outer petal that is usually green or bruised. Remove these petals before putting them into a bouquet or design, this will help the rose to open. (Tip: when purchasing roses feel the top part of the roses just above the stem, if its tight that means the flower is fresh, if its soft it will not be lasting very long. This tip holds true for most flowers, always check just above the stem to tell if it’s fresh.

Step 7: Grasses

Combine tall grasses and leaves together or make different combinations with a leaf and a blossom. Don’t be afraid to manipulate things.

Step 8: Unexpected Elements

Add unexpected things in your design, lemon, limes, artichokes, or found objects make nice additions (use the long wooden skews to insert the fruit or vegetables into the arrangement.)

Step 9: Finishing Up

Always make sure the foam or any of the mechanics don’t show when you have finished your design, (tip: use extra foliage to cover foam, cut the stems short and insert down close to the container, continue to do this until all your foam is completely covered.)

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